02/01 06:01 PM
Modified 01/16 04:48 PM
SHOWCASE of CENTAUR SCHOLARSHIP
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville is known internationally for its research on centaurs. The Jack E. Reese Galleria in the Hodges Library includes one of the finest adult male Centaurian specimens yet discovered and the library includes the most extensive collections of Centaurian epic literature in the south-eastern United States.
Centaur 'skeleton' takes science center stage
By Dan Vergano, USA TODAY Mon Jan 16, 2012
Updated 6h 43m ago
Bill Willers, 'The Centaur of Tymfi,' on display in Tucson.
A centaur and a cyclops, a griffin and a unicorn — and their bones — not the usual stuff of science exhibits
All the same, the bones of the "Centaur of Tymfi" stands proudly on display at Tucson's
International Wildlife Museum
in a just-opened exhibit. Nearby is the skull of a "griffin," a legendary flying lion with an eagle's skull, and the noggin of a "cyclops," the one-eyed giant of Greek myth. Taking center stage is the centaur, designed by sculptor and zoologist
of the University of Wisconsin at Oshkosh.
Entitled "Mythological Wildlife," the exhibit aims to make folks think about how we know what is real, says museum director
. A paleontologist, White says the exhibit also looks at how folklore might hold a few hidden scientific stories.
"Once upon a time, mythology was science," White says, accepted as part of the natural history world as perceived by the ancients. The ancient Greek poet,
, wrote about
centaurs around 700 BC
, "The Father of Historians," wrote about
around 500 B.C
. "It's legitimate for museums to display mythological creatures to make people question what is real and what is science today."
A shadowy corner of scholarship called "
," filled with folks looking for Bigfoot or the
monster, has put these sort of questions into disrepute. But scholars such as Stanford University's
, author of
The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times
, have opened wide questions about what folklore has to offer science today.
For the exhibit, for example, the "cyclops" skull on display takes its cue from the suggestion that the skull of a prehistoric elephant called a mastodon, tipped on its side, might have resembled the skull of a one-eyed giant to the ancients, including a Roman emperor who perhaps kept a mastodon skull on display. A horn-faced dinosaur called
, may have partly inspired the griffin.
"Someone saw a man on a horseback perhaps, and couldn't explain it," White says. "To him, the hypothesis was that it was a centaur. Now we know better. But there are still many things we struggle to explain, even today."
Looking at the scientific origins of legends isn't a new idea, notes art professor Beauvais Lyons of the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, who points out that New York's American Museum of Natural History ran a
"Mythic Creatures" exhibit
so popular it was extended from 2006 until 2008. And the renowned
Museum of Jurassic Technology
has for decades blended real natural science with flights of biographical fantasy.
Lyons heads the "
" (as in hoax) at his university, "devoted to the fabrication and documentation of rare and unusual cultural artifacts." The university brought "The Centaur of Volos," created by Willers in 1980, to the university's John C. Hodges Library. Instead of a standing centaur, the Volos display is of a centaur half-excavated from the ground in classic archaeological museum fashion.
"I am excited that Bill Willers has extended his investigations of centaur anatomy with his new upright work now in Tucson," Lyons says. That
, the Centaur of Tymfi, in contrast, stands upright, the bones of a man seemingly jointed perfectly to a horse. Tymfi (TIM-fee) is the mountainous Greek village, a plaque carefully explains, where the centaur was found intact in the far recesses of a cave.
" There is an unconscious impulse to clothe bones in flesh when we first see them," Willers says, explaining his centaur creation. With the Tymfi centaur, the plaque also offers visitors a written backstory of the legend, pure hokum of course, meant to extend the duration of time before disbelief takes over again. "I want to trigger that belief and extend it, to trigger a feeling of wonder that connects people to the natural world, to see a person like themselves as a wild animal," says Willers.
International Wildlife Museum
is a bit unusual as well, White notes. Supported by the
Safari Club International Foundation
, its funding ultimately draws from hunters interested in animal conservation, and contains displays of wild animals (real ones) in most of its exhibits.
"I'm not worried about kids seeing the centaur and drawing the wrong conclusion. They have very strong senses of what is real and what is fantasy," White says. "I'm a little worried about their parents," he jokes.
No one is hunting for centaurs these days, of course, but science remains on the trail of all sorts of mysteries. People centuries from now will doubtless find some of those ideas credulous as well.
For now, anyone hoping to see a centaur might want to stop by Tucson sometime in the next two years, while it is on display at the museum. "After that, I'm hoping to find the centaur a good home," Willers says, perhaps with a collector or museum. "After all, I have some ideas for other skeletons that I would like to start on."
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Occasional panel sessions are conducted as University Studies Centripetals. Our panel presents brief papers introducing some of the latest Centaurian research by UTK faculty and associates. Question/answer periods follow the presentations.
titles in blue are linked to web presentations
2001 Symposium on Centaur Scholarship
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Moderator: Barbara Dewey (Dean of Libraries)
Zoe Hoyle, UT Office of Research
"Trends in Federal Funding of Centaurian Research"
Keith McClelland, UT School of Music:
"Music Lessons from Chiron: The Sagurito Manuscripts and the Sublimation of Centaurean Urges"
John New, UT College of Veterinary Medicine:
"Animal Human Bonding"
Tom Hood, UT Department of Sociology
"The LifeStyle of Centaurs -- the Original Party Animals"
2000 Symposium on Centaur Scholarship
Moderator: Marian Moffet (College of Architecture and Design, Office of the Provost):
Moffett asserts that Centaur Studies should be funded as one of the University's new interdisciplinary focus areas. Prof Moffet will present a drawing of the proposed new bridge linking the east and west campuses, with sculptures of Centaurs at each end.)
John Bartmess, Departrment of Chemistry:
Jo Lynn Cunningham, Departrment of Child and Family Studies:
JUVENILE CENTAURS: An Ecological Analysis of Development in Family and Community Context
Clark Bedford (Hirschorn Museum of Art:
"FREDERICK DRAPER KALLEY: DECEPTION, DESPAIR, or DISREPAIR."
1999 Symposium of Centaur Scholarship
Moderator: Paula Kaufman, UTK Libraries,
Department of Foreign Languages & Literature: Russia's Secret Centaur Dynasty"
Department of Microbiology,
"What, If Anything, Is A Centaur? - DNA and Phylogeny"
Department of History,
"Monster Moms: Interpreting Centaur Infanticide"
1998 Symposium of Centaur Scholarship
Moderator: Paula Kaufman, Dean, UTK Library
Dept. of Classics:
The Victims of Vesuvius: A Window on Equinimity in the Roman World
Department of English:
Lost Herstory: The Female Centaur and Other Suppressed Narrative
Department of Art:
Zoomorphic Juncture and the True Origin of Collage
(Dept. of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology:
The Mind of the Centaur: New Findings from Comparative Neuroscience on the Multiple Parallel Processing of Higher and Lower Referential Processes
from the Bardo Museum (as retreived by Katherine Neville; enhanced by Bruce MacLennan)
UNIVERSITY STUDIES HOMEPAGE
Contect Neil Greenberg
THE CENTAUR OF VOLOS HOMEPAGE